Turkey has intensified its campaign against Kurdish militia in the northwestern enclave of Afrin in northern Syria amid the escalation of clashes between the Kurdish fighters and Turkish forces.
After several days of poor visibility because of heavy rain and fog, Turkish warplanes and artillery took advantage of the clear skies and pounded the hill of Barsaya near the Kurdish town of Afrin in northwestern Syria, official news agency Anadolu said.
Turkey launched operation “Olive Branch” on Jan. 20 against the Syrian Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG) in Afrin, supporting Syrian opposition fighters with ground troops and air strikes.
While Turkey brands the YPG a “terror” group, the militia has received support from the US, its fighters spearheading the battle against the Islamic State group across swathes of Syria.
Despite souring relations with NATO ally Washington, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has threatened to expand the offensive against the YPG to Manbij, east of Afrin.
And in a sign the Turkish campaign has rendered prospects for peace in Syria even fainter, authorities in the war-torn country’s Kurdish autonomous region said they would not attend peace talks in Russia’s Sochi.
“We said before that if the situation remained the same in Afrin, we could not attend Sochi,” regional official Fawza al-Yussef said.
Rebel backer Turkey is one of the sponsors of the talks in the Black Sea resort on Monday and Tuesday, along with Damascus allies Russia and Iran.
Turkey’s air and artillery strikes on Sunday were even fiercer than previous days, said an AFP correspondent on the Syrian-Turkish border who saw towers of smoke rising into the sky.
Turkish channel NTV broadcast live footage Sunday showing rocket fire targeting Barsaya hill, located to the north of Afrin, near the strategic border town of Azaz.”
I spoke earlier with a commander who said: ‘With God’s help, we will take over Barsaya very soon,'” mR. Erdogan said in a speech in Corum in northern Turkey.
Turkish troops and their Syrian opposition allies said Monday they had captured the hill, before losing it again a few hours later.
Sunday’s battles “are very fierce on Barsaya … which is strategic because it overlooks Azaz on the Syrian side and Kilis on the Turkish side”, Syrian Observatory for Human Rights director Rami Abdel Rahman told AFP.
“Today’s clashes are more intense,” he added.
Turkey-US Relations in Shambles
Turkish relations with the U.S. have dipped over their stances on the YPG — which Ankara says is a “terrorist” offshoot of the outlawed Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK).
The PKK, which has waged a war against the Turkish state for three decades, is proscribed as a terror group by Ankara and its Western allies.
U.S. President Donald J. Trump earlier this week urged President Erdogan to “de-escalate” his forces assault on Afrin as he expressed concern about “the destructive and false” anti-American rhetoric emanating from Turkey.
Adding fuel to the fire, Turkey’s Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu on Saturday urged the U.S. to “immediately withdraw” its personnel from Kurdish-held Manbij, which Ankara has also threatened to attack.
“We are going to cleanse Manbij” after Afrin, government spokesman Bekir Bozdag said Sunday, according to Anadolu.
Manbij was retaken from ISIS by the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces in 2016 as part of a push that would later recapture the city of Raqa from the jihadists.
Faced with the Turkish onslaught, the YPG’s political arm the Kurdish Democratic Union Party (PYD) appealed to the international community to pressure Ankara into halting its offensive.
Five Turkish soldiers have died since “Olive Branch” was launched, while around 40 others have been injured. One soldier who was killed Saturday will be laid to rest later Sunday in Istanbul.
The fighting has also led to a heavy loss of civilian lives.
According to the Britain-based Observatory, 42 civilians have been killed since January 20, including 12 children, most of them in Turkish air strikes.Ankara denies shelling any civilian areas.
In a sign of the sheer ferocity of the fighting, 69 pro-Turkish rebels were killed, as were 66 Kurdish fighters.
Earlier this month, the US-led coalition fighting IS said it was working to create a 30,000-strong border security force in northern Syria, which would include the YPG.
Several nations, including Germany and France, as well as the European Union, have expressed concern over the Turkish offensive against a country where over 340,000 people have already been killed since war erupted in 2011.